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Мирт, как основа для бонсай | Живая природа в вашем саду!

Мирт, как основа для бонсай


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Мирт, как основа для бонсай

При выращивании «миниатюрного леса», мирт – довольно часто используемое растение для выращивания бонсай из-за его способности быстро расти. Поэтому это деревце подойдет и для начинающего «садовода».
Если вы приобретете черенок этого растеньица в осеннее время, при пересадке он не должен пострадать.
Мирт – достаточно устойчивая культура, укорененный росток может спокойно простоять весь зимний период.

Каркас для бонсай

Начинать формировать композицию можно уже сразу после высадки растения. При этом, ствол деревца обкручивается жестким жгутом. Даже, если вы нечаянно повредите основание дерева или в центре – ничего страшного, «ранки» быстро затянутся, а в местах надлома могут образоваться интересные изгибы.
Намотав жгут один раз, при формировании деревца, можно не беспокоиться о его замене достаточно длительное время, ведь растет бонсай не очень быстро. Необходимо только аккуратно наматывать жгут на ствол и ветви растения. Будьте осторожны, чтобы не сломать молодые веточки мирта.

Мирт, как основа для бонсай

Создаем крону

После того, как каркас деревца намечен, следует начать формировать оставшиеся веточки растения. Удалите с нижней части веток молодые побеги и листочки. Верхние точки веточек прищипните, оставьте пару-тройку листочков, а остальные уберите. Продолжайте формировать мирт, через некоторое время растение разрастется в разные стороны, станет «пушистым», и со стороны будет казаться, что все деревце в «облачках» из зелени.

Мирт, как основа для бонсай

Как ухаживать за бонсай

Следует учитывать то, что растение растет в течение всего года. Конечно, в зимнее время его рост несколько замедляется, что приемлемо для этого стиля. В начале весны листья становятся крупнее, их не стоит оставлять, так же, как и молодые побеги, ведь так крона сможет нормально разрастаться.
Перед летним сезоном необходимо временно прекратить подрезку деревца, ведь на кончиках веточек начинают завязываться бутончики. Через некоторое время растеньице порадует вас пышным белым цветением.

Менять землю в вазоне с миртом необходимо ежегодно в первой половине весны. При этом, корневую систему немного подрезают по кругу, в том числе, и тонкие корни. Не стоит опасаться того, что растение плохо отреагирует на такую «стрижку» — он достаточно быстро наращивает корни обратно. Часть ствола у самой земли необходимо оставить открытой, и заложить это место мхом – этот метод позволит сохранить влагу. Не стоит избавляться от срезанной зелени, ведь мирт – природный лекарь. Приберегите высушенные веточки и листочки для лечения простуды.

Мирт, как основа для бонсай

Размножение мирта

Во второй половине осени можно срезать крупные ветки для черенкования. Чтобы вырастить новое деревце, поместите черенок в емкость с торфяным субстратом, накройте полиэтиленом, обеспечьте растению хорошую освещенность. После того, как ветка пустит корешки, пересадите молодое растение в подходящий вазон и формируйте его по любому из многочисленных стилей бонсай.

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